VOICE38 ALLURES of AEGEAN 03 / TWO STEPS OF ANCIENT TRIANGLE / SARDES AND PERGAMON
You’ll visit first the ancient city of Sardes or which is called Sardis by Lydians, was the capital of a state with major economic and political power in the 6th and 7th centuries BC .The ancient city of Sardis contains many historical values from Lydians and Romans, under the rule of which it has gotten after Lydians.
Bath-Gynasium Complex: This gigantic building from the Roman Period is dated to the 2nd century AD and has become the symbol of the Sardes Ancient city.It consists of 3 main parts :Hammam,Coutyard and Sports area.In addition ,the third largest Synagogue of the Ancient World is located in this building.The synagogue is dated to the 3rd century AD.
You’ll have Lunch in Pergamon before you arrive to the Acropol .
You’ll arrive the Acropol by Cable car.The Acropol is at an elevation of 300 meters and is especially rich in structures from the Hellenistic period.The palaces of the kings of Bargama,the theater ,holy areas and temples ,the agora ,the gymnasium,heroon (tomb of a deified hero) and other remains from the Roman period are all to be found on this hill.The excavation at Bergama began in 1877 and the most important find is the Zeus Altar which was taken to Berlin to be displayed there.It is only possible to see the base of the altar at Bergama.The most impressive structure on the ancient site is undouptedly the Traianus Temple which has been reerected after very successful restoration work.Other structures worthy of note are :the Temple to Dionysus ,which was constructed completely from marble in the Ionic style ,the 15.000 seat theater which is the steepest of its kind,the second largest library of its time containing 200.000 works and the Bergama Library ,built by King Attalos 1,which is located behind the Temple to Athena.
After the visit of Acropol ,you’ll continue to Asklepion.This is situated to West of the ancient site.It was constructed in the 4th century BC and this area was dedicated to the god of health,Aesculapius and is the remains of one of the first health centers in the World.In its day Asklepion ,was famous for its motto,’’Death cannot enter the place its forbidden’’.On the ‘’Blessed Way’’ you can find the symbol used today by pharmacists -the snake entwined round a stick.Among some of the methods of treatment used here were music and psychotherapy .During the Romanperiod the famous pharmacist and physician,Galenos ,worked here at the Asklepion before working as the court physian. Locally the Asklepion is known as ‘’Ayvaz Ali’’.
Finally you’ll visit the ‘’Red Basilica’’ in Bergama.
The "Red Basilica", also called variously the Red Hall and Red Courtyard, is a monumental ruined temple in the ancient city of Pergamon, now Bergama,in western Turkey. The temple was built during the Roman Empire, probably in the time of Hadrian and possibly on his orders. It is one of the largest Roman structures still surviving in the ancient Greek world. The temple is thought to have been used for the worship of Egyptian gods – specifically Isis and/or Serapis, and possibly also Osiris, Harpocrates and other lesser gods, who may have been worshipped in a pair of drum-shaped rotundas, both of which are virtually intact, alongside the main temple.
Although the building itself is of an immense size, it was only one part of a much larger sacred complex, surrounded by high walls, that dwarfed even the colossal Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek. The entire complex was built directly over the River Selinus in a remarkable feat of engineering that involved the construction of an immense bridge 196 metres (643 ft) wide to channel the river through two channels under the temple. The Pergamon Bridge still stands today, supporting modern buildings and even vehicle traffic. A series of tunnels and chambers lies under the main temple, connecting it with the side rotundas and giving private access to different areas of the complex. Various drains, water channels and basins are located in, around and under the main temple and may have been used for symbolic reenactments of the flooding of the Nile.
The temple was converted by the Byzantines into a Christian church dedicated to St John but was subsequently destroyed. Today the ruins of the main temple and one of the side rotundas can be visited, while the other side rotunda is still in use as a small mosque
End of the day ,you arrive to İzmir .
İZMİR : 12 hours
KUSADASI : not available
ÇESME : not available
THE GUIDE MAY CHANGE THE ROUTE FOR THE VENUES
THE CAPACITY OF THE TOUR MAXIMUM 12 PAX
MUSEUM CLOSED ON MONDAYS İN TURKEY
For Children, those younger than 4 year old are free of charge, between 5 and 9 year old are charged with the half price, children beginning from 10 year/old are charged with the adult price. Therefore, please inform us about the children’s ages.
Children need to have ID card or Passport for visiting ancient ciities and museums.
• There is no shop visit and shopping in the content of the tour.If the whole group demands and confirm and there is enough time ,the shop can be visited
• Comfortable walking shoes, comfortable clothing, a hat, sunscreen and insect repellents are recommended. Guests should watch their step at all times in order to avoid accidents.
• Guests must be able to walk approximately 0.5 miles over uneven and cobblestone surfaces in ruins.
• Temperatures can reach extreme highs during summer months; We recommend that you have a lot of water and use suitable sunscream while on the tour.
|2||182,00 EUR||364,00 EUR|
|3||123,67 EUR||371,00 EUR|
|4||93,63 EUR||374,50 EUR|
|6||63,00 EUR||378,00 EUR|
|9||42,78 EUR||385,00 EUR|